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2016考研复试英语常见热门话题

编辑:李启明 作者:佚名 出处:兰州学生网 添加:2016-2-7 字体:[ ] 纠错 评论

考研复试英语口试特点如下:

1. 各学校考试形式不同

对口语的考查,各个学校各不尽相同。有的学校制定了非常详细的标准和流程,甚至规定了每个老师发问的方式和时间;有的只是面试老师的自由发挥,成绩也基本上由面试老师主观判定。

2. 考试形式汇总

个人介绍

让你或以问答的方式或以一个小小的独白来介绍自己。一般自我介绍包括个人信息、兴趣爱好、学习情况、未来计划几个方面,但时间都不会过长,大约持续一分钟左右。例如:

Good morning. I am glad to be here for this interview. My name is Li Ming. I come from Chang Chun, the capital of Ji Lin Province. I will graduate from Department of Finance of Ji Lin University in the coming June.

I am open-minded, quick in thought and very fond of traveling. In my spare time, I have broad interests like many other youngsters. I like reading books, especially those about Chinese history. Frequently I exchange with other people by making comments in the forum on line. In addition, during my college years, I was once a Net-bar technician. So, I have a good command of network application.

I always believe that one will easily lag behind unless he keeps on learning. Of course, if I am given a chance to further my education in this famous University, I will spare no effort to master the latest knowledge in my field and make good preparation for my future profession.

深入对话

考官进一步问你关于一些话题的看法。例如:

What kind of professions show status in your country?

Modern society is often called materialistic. Why do you think this is?

What is the role of advertising?

How do you think the internet will affect buying patterns in the future?

个人长谈

考官让你抽一个话题,给你1至2分钟准备,让你做1至2分钟的演讲。这部分比较接近雅思口语考试的第二部分。例如:Describe an activity in school。

When I was in middle school, I attended a training class for dancing, because then, many classmates of mine told me that dancing was not only a wonderful sport which could exercise my coordination which I used to be poor at, it could also improve my artistic taste, and many of them would attend the training. I was trained there for about 2 month. The instructor spent about 1 month training my basic skills like flexibility, music sense, sit-ups and pull-ups and basic movements like pony, sunrise and twist. To me, all those training items seemed more like an aerobics training class other than a dancing class, but who cares. Two month passed, and I didn’t think I really know how to dance well then. But later, when I was old enough to go dancing with my friends, all those training items seemed to work well, you know, I could dance a movement at only one sight of it, which is a mission impossible to most amateur dancers. This activity brought me a strong sense of achievement。

考生对话

考官给你和另外一个考生一个话题,给你们一段准备的时间,然后让你们进行对话讨论。

图片描绘,分析与讨论

这种形式非常接近考研笔试写作的图片作文,只不过是以口语的形式考。每个学校会根据自己的想法来指定考试的具体的形式,但一般都会包括以上的两到四个部分。

口试评分标准:分项打分与整体打分

一般口语考试评分标准包括发音、词汇与语法、流利度、内容等几个方面。如果两名考生同时进行考试,则互动交际也会成为评分的一部分。目前口试打分大概分为两种:分项打分和整体印象打分。国内的PETS考试采取分项打分与整体印象打分相结合的方法,IELTS采取整体印象打分法。考生应该注意无论采取哪种打分方法,发音、词汇与语法、流利度、内容等都是考查的重点,因此平时练习至关重要。

良好的英语听说能力是复试成功的保证。参加研究生英语复试,无论形式如何,正确的语音语调、词汇与语法的准确性、话语内容、流利度、互动交际等几方面都是考察的内容,因此考生一定要注意平时的语言训练与材料积累,多听,多读,多说。只要平时能说一口流利而准确的英语,任何形式的考试都可以轻松通过。

专业备考:不必担心专业词汇太少

现在很多学校英语复试的形式更加灵活,比如不再采取单独的英语复试,而是把英语复试和专业课复试融在一起进行,其具体形式大概可以分为两种:

1.专业课老师与英语老师组成一个复试团队,复试过程中专业课老师用汉语提问专业问题,而英语老师用英语提问一些与考生考取专业相关的问题。例如,考取金融方向研究生的考生可能会遇到如下问题:

Could you explain the Chinese monetary policy in English?

What do you think will be the impact of current global economic crisis on Chinese economy?

2. 由于现在高校老师的整体素质提高,复试中由专业老师直接用英语进行提问。

虽然用英语对专业问题进行考查是研究生复试的一个新的趋势,但考生不必担心自己的专业词汇太少或无法用英语表达自己的观点,因为即使用英文提问专业相关的问题,这部分的目的仍旧是考查考生的英语水平,问题一般比较浅显,不会涉及到大量专业词汇。除一般性备考外还要注意:关注与自己专业相关的热点问题,注意阅读报纸或杂志上相关的文章,适当积累一些专业词汇;如果学过英文原版教材,注意其中的专业词汇。

其实并非所有专业的考生都会遇到英语复试中考查专业问题的情况。一般涉外专业或国际化较强的专业如经济(如考取中央财经大学、对外经贸大学)、传媒、语言专业的考生要注意对专业问题的准备。

(责任编辑:李启明 纠错)

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