提高外语学习效率 就靠这7招

编辑:李启明 作者:佚名 出处:兰州学生网 添加:2015-5-19 字体:[ ] 纠错

We all know that the best way to learn a language is to talk to native speakers. That's why we are all here on this website, but sometimes, it's not possible to speak with natives; we don't live in our target language country, we don't have an Internet connection, we are sick of sitting at a computer for hours, we need to go for a run, we have to go to work, etc.


But we can keep on learning and absorbing language during the time that wearen't engaging with native speakers. Make sentences up in your head while walking to work. Write short stories, make friends with Google Translate. Here are some more ideas to help you continue to learn your target language when you're alone.


Put it in context


The best thing you can do for your language learning is to put it in context--make it natural. Step away from the computer (unless you are using italki to speak to native speakers), and use your language in the real world, even if that world doesn't speak your target language.


For example, if you have to write an email for work, after you've writtenit, sit down and try and write it in your target language. You'll be using language in a way that is natural to you, writing about the kinds of things you would normally write about. The same goes for your reading or listening. Read and listen to things you are interested in already. In this way, your attention is already caught. If you like cycling, for instance, search for cycling material in your target language.


Flash cards


Memorizing new vocabulary is hard. It doesn't seem to matter how often you look at those flash cards; the new words just don't stick! Flash cards can be useful--you can spend a lot of effort trying to memorize a lot of words, but don't actually seem to retain much. Many language experts suggest that learning a language subconsciously is a better way to learn. It is, after all, how babies learn.


Focusing on your learning could actually slow the process down. Staring furiously at flash cards trying to absorb the information is hard work. Howabout giving yourself the space to absorb the new language in a more natural, even subconscious way?


Use Post-it notes to put your new vocabulary into context (this is a great onefor beginners), and stick them to the actual object you are trying to remember. Then it really starts to take hold. This is great for learning household items. Use a dictionary to translate from your language into your target language. Write it down on a Post-it note (sometimes, a scrap of paper with sticky tape works better) and stick it onto the object you need to learn. Stick it onto the bed, door, wall, fridge, table, etc. if you can, stick them onto objects at your workplace, too.


As you walk through your home, the note will catch your eye and it will trigger your memory because it puts the learning of those words into a moresubconscious natural state. Every time your eye glances over the Post-it note, the word will lodge a bit further into your brain. You aren't forcing yourself to remember the words, and as most of us know, forcing ourselves to learn something doesn't result in much, and definitely isn't fun.


Learning new words in isolation gives you nothing to make associations with. If we can associate a new word with its surrounding language, it willmean more to us, making it more familiar and it will stick that much easier. When writing flashcards, always write an example of when or how to use the word on the back of the card. Don't memorize the definition of the word or the word by itself. Instead, memorize the use of the word. For example:


New word: kick


Definition: to strike with the foot or feet: 

Usage: “He kicked the ball,” “She kicked her brother”

Write “kick” on one side and the usage on the other. Adding a photo ofsomeone kicking a ball will help or even better, draw a picture in your mind!




Get tactile- Don't be afraid to draw!


The very process of physically making marks with a pen on paper helps toaccess your right brain, which is what enables us to make memories and to focus. You don't have to be good at drawing to make a useful illustration that will help you remember. All you need is a stick figure performing the action, or a simple drawing of the object.


Remember playing Pictionary? Try drawing a more difficult concept as you would have done in a Pictionary game. Try to make it as easy as possiblefor someone else to guess what it is.


The process of drawing your word or phrase will help keep it in your head. Draw new words and visualize them, using your drawings. If you are learning a language with a different alphabet, draw the characters or letters in the sand while you are on holiday or in your kid'ssandbox, whatever works!


If we open up more of our senses to our language learning and involve touch, as well as sight and sound, we embed the information into our brains indifferent ways at the same time, thus making it easier to retain. Why do we learn language faster when we are immersed in the culture? Because all our senses are engaged! So when we don't have the culture to immerse ourselves in, we can still try to engage our other senses.


Hand-write a short text or story based on your Post-it notes


Storytelling can benefit language learning. After all, that's how our ancientancestors learned and passed on their language and culture through stories round the campfire. Make stories or short texts out of your new language. It helps put it in context, and as we know, context makes it stick.


Here's how: Photograph everyday scenes around your home or on your way to work, print them out and write the Post-it note on them. Write about whatyou see in your photos. For example, if you take a photo from your bedroom window, you could write: From my bedroom window, I can see cars on the road, trees and houses, people in the distance and beyondthem, mountains and sky.”


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