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提高外语学习效率 就靠这7招

编辑:李启明 作者:佚名 出处:兰州学生网 添加:2015-5-19 字体:[ ] 纠错 评论

We all know that the best way to learn a language is to talk to native speakers. That's why we are all here on this website, but sometimes, it's not possible to speak with natives; we don't live in our target language country, we don't have an Internet connection, we are sick of sitting at a computer for hours, we need to go for a run, we have to go to work, etc.

都知道学习语言最好的方法就是和以此语的人交谈。因此我们会在这里用这个网站。不过有时候,不是都有机会和他们交谈。我们没有住到说那种语言的国家去,有时候网络不通,坐在电脑前数小时,也需要出去跑跑步,而且我们还要工作等等。



But we can keep on learning and absorbing language during the time that wearen't engaging with native speakers. Make sentences up in your head while walking to work. Write short stories, make friends with Google Translate. Here are some more ideas to help you continue to learn your target language when you're alone.

即使我不跟语的朋友们交谈,我们还是可以继续学习和吸取语言方面的知识。比如在上班路上默默在脑中造几句句子,写个小故事,勾搭勾搭谷歌翻译。下面我会跟大家介绍一些方法,即便你一个人还是能继续学外语。


Put it in context

言用到生活中去



The best thing you can do for your language learning is to put it in context--make it natural. Step away from the computer (unless you are using italki to speak to native speakers), and use your language in the real world, even if that world doesn't speak your target language.

言最好的方法就是活学活用,用得更自然自在。别老在电脑前学了(除非你在用italki和老外交流)。即便在这里没人跟你说外语,也要把外语用到现实生活中去。



For example, if you have to write an email for work, after you've writtenit, sit down and try and write it in your target language. You'll be using language in a way that is natural to you, writing about the kinds of things you would normally write about. The same goes for your reading or listening. Read and listen to things you are interested in already. In this way, your attention is already caught. If you like cycling, for instance, search for cycling material in your target language.

要写一封工作件,写完了再想想是不是可以用你学的那种外语试着写写。用最自然的方式运用外语,写点你常写的各种东西。这样的方法同样适用于阅读和听力。听听和读读你感兴趣的东西。这样的话,你注意力就会更集中。如果你喜欢骑自行车,搜一点外语写的自行车材料。


Flash cards

单词卡片



Memorizing new vocabulary is hard. It doesn't seem to matter how often you look at those flash cards; the new words just don't stick! Flash cards can be useful--you can spend a lot of effort trying to memorize a lot of words, but don't actually seem to retain much. Many language experts suggest that learning a language subconsciously is a better way to learn. It is, after all, how babies learn.

单词。其实花多长时间看单词卡片没什么用,新单词就是记不住。单词卡片可能会有点效果,花很多精力去记忆这么多词汇,但时间久了还是记不住。很多专家都指出潜意识学习语言更好。毕竟这种方法就是婴儿学说话的方法。



Focusing on your learning could actually slow the process down. Staring furiously at flash cards trying to absorb the information is hard work. Howabout giving yourself the space to absorb the new language in a more natural, even subconscious way?

注于学有可能会学得更慢。眼珠把单词卡片戳穿,能多少几多少也挺难的。不如给自己一点空间,用更自然更潜意识的方法去学新的语言?



Use Post-it notes to put your new vocabulary into context (this is a great onefor beginners), and stick them to the actual object you are trying to remember. Then it really starts to take hold. This is great for learning household items. Use a dictionary to translate from your language into your target language. Write it down on a Post-it note (sometimes, a scrap of paper with sticky tape works better) and stick it onto the object you need to learn. Stick it onto the bed, door, wall, fridge, table, etc. if you can, stick them onto objects at your workplace, too.

用即时贴提醒自己把词汇用到境中去(初学者最适合的方法),并在要学的新单词上。之后就真的记住这个单词了。这种方法最适合学习居家用品了。找一本字典翻译下,把单词写到即时贴上(一张纸和胶带也行),再把即时贴到真正的物品上。贴到床上、门上、墙上、冰箱上和桌子上等等。如果可以的话,在办公的地点贴也行。



As you walk through your home, the note will catch your eye and it will trigger your memory because it puts the learning of those words into a moresubconscious natural state. Every time your eye glances over the Post-it note, the word will lodge a bit further into your brain. You aren't forcing yourself to remember the words, and as most of us know, forcing ourselves to learn something doesn't result in much, and definitely isn't fun.

走在家里,些小条会引起你的注意,激你的记忆力,因为学这些单词的环境更自然,潜意识里记得更牢。每次你目光瞟过即时贴,单词在你脑海里印得更深。你并没有逼迫自己强记单词。我们都知道强迫自己学习效果不好,而且也不好玩。



Learning new words in isolation gives you nothing to make associations with. If we can associate a new word with its surrounding language, it willmean more to us, making it more familiar and it will stick that much easier. When writing flashcards, always write an example of when or how to use the word on the back of the card. Don't memorize the definition of the word or the word by itself. Instead, memorize the use of the word. For example:


单词一个个学的就很难引发联想。如果我们可以将单词和其相关语境联系起来,这样对我们的意义也就更大,增加亲切感,记得也更牢。单词卡片的候,在背后一定要写上一个例句和单词的用法。记单词的意思或仅仅单词本身,记词用法。例如:


New word: kick

单词kick



Definition: to strike with the foot or feet: 

Usage: “He kicked the ball,” “She kicked her brother”

Write “kick” on one side and the usage on the other. Adding a photo ofsomeone kicking a ball will help or even better, draw a picture in your mind!

:用一只脚(或以上)踢:

用法:“他踢了这个球”,“她踢了她的哥哥或弟弟”

在卡片的正面写kick这个单词,反面写上用法。最好附上某人踢球的照片,脑海里要有这么一幅图。


Get tactile- Don't be afraid to draw!

调动感官:最好多画画!



The very process of physically making marks with a pen on paper helps toaccess your right brain, which is what enables us to make memories and to focus. You don't have to be good at drawing to make a useful illustration that will help you remember. All you need is a stick figure performing the action, or a simple drawing of the object.

用一支笔在上涂涂画画程会激,从而触发记忆力和集中注意力。就是画的不怎么样也能帮助你记忆。你只需要画个简笔画,或者画一个简单的物体也好。



Remember playing Pictionary? Try drawing a more difficult concept as you would have done in a Pictionary game. Try to make it as easy as possiblefor someone else to guess what it is.

还记得玩看图说词?玩个游着画出你中比的想法。给别人猜的候要尽量想的简单一些。



The process of drawing your word or phrase will help keep it in your head. Draw new words and visualize them, using your drawings. If you are learning a language with a different alphabet, draw the characters or letters in the sand while you are on holiday or in your kid'ssandbox, whatever works!

单词和词组画在纸上,这个过程帮助你记忆。新单词,用你画的图可视化下。如果你学的语言所用的字母和你的母语很不一样,放假的时候在沙子里或者沙盒里写字,只要管用都行!



If we open up more of our senses to our language learning and involve touch, as well as sight and sound, we embed the information into our brains indifferent ways at the same time, thus making it easier to retain. Why do we learn language faster when we are immersed in the culture? Because all our senses are engaged! So when we don't have the culture to immerse ourselves in, we can still try to engage our other senses.

如果在学习外语的时候打开更多的感官,包括触觉、视觉和听觉,接受信息的时候我们的头脑会同时以不同的方式记忆,这样信息就能停留地更久。为什么我们身处在外语文化的情况下外语学得更好?因为我们所有的感官都调动起来了!当我们没有这种环境的时候,就要使劲调动其他感官。


Hand-write a short text or story based on your Post-it notes

看看即时贴上的笔,手写一小段故事



Storytelling can benefit language learning. After all, that's how our ancientancestors learned and passed on their language and culture through stories round the campfire. Make stories or short texts out of your new language. It helps put it in context, and as we know, context makes it stick.

故事言是很有帮助的。竟,我的祖先就是坐在篝火旁,一边讲故事一边传承他言和文化的。用新学的外语编一个故事或者短文。帮助我们创造一个语境,也就加强了记忆。



Here's how: Photograph everyday scenes around your home or on your way to work, print them out and write the Post-it note on them. Write about whatyou see in your photos. For example, if you take a photo from your bedroom window, you could write: From my bedroom window, I can see cars on the road, trees and houses, people in the distance and beyondthem, mountains and sky.”

具体可以么做:拍下每天你在家里和上班候出景,打印出来,把即时贴贴在上面。在照片上写下所看所想。譬如你拍了你家卧室窗的照片,你可以写下:从我卧室的窗,可以看到路上的汽、房子,


(责任编辑:李启明 纠错)

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